Cold War Modern

Titre : Cold War Modern
Auteur : David Crowley
Éditeur : Victoria & Albert Museum
ISBN-13 : 1851775706
Libération : 2008-01-01

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Modern life after 1945 seemed to promise both utopia and catastrophe. Both could, it seemed, be achieved at the 'push of a button'. Published to accompany a major V&A exhibition, 'Cold War Modern: Design 1945-1970', this book explores how the politics of the Cold War shaped architecture and design. Reassessing 'classic' designs and introducing many little-known objects.

Cold War Modern

Titre : Cold War Modern
Auteur : David Crowley
Éditeur : Victoria & Albert Museum
ISBN-13 : 1851775439
Libération : 2008-10-01

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Modern life after 1945 seemed to promise both utopia and catastrophe. Both could, it seemed, be achieved at the 'push of a button'. Published to accompany a major V&A exhibition, 'Cold War Modern: Design 1945-1970', this book explores how the politics of the Cold War shaped architecture and design. Reassessing 'classic' designs and introducing many little-known objects.

Building the Cold War

Titre : Building the Cold War
Auteur : Annabel Jane Wharton
Éditeur : University of Chicago Press
ISBN-13 : 0226894193
Libération : 2001-07-01

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In postwar Europe and the Middle East, Hilton hotels were quite literally "little Americas." For American businessmen and tourists, a Hilton Hotel—with the comfortable familiarity of an English-speaking staff, a restaurant that served cheeseburgers and milkshakes, trans-Atlantic telephone lines, and, most important, air-conditioned modernity—offered a respite from the disturbingly alien. For impoverished local populations, these same features lent the Hilton a utopian aura. The Hilton was a space of luxury and desire, a space that realized, permanently and prominently, the new and powerful presence of the United States. Building the Cold War examines the architectural means by which the Hilton was written into the urban topographies of the major cities of Europe and the Middle East as an effective representation of the United States. Between 1953 and 1966, Hilton International built sixteen luxury hotels abroad. Often the Hilton was the first significant modern structure in the host city, as well as its finest hotel. The Hiltons introduced a striking visual contrast to the traditional architectural forms of such cities as Istanbul, Cairo, Athens, and Jerusalem, where the impact of its new architecture was amplified by the hotel's unprecedented siting and scale. Even in cities familiar with the Modern, the new Hilton often dominated the urban landscape with its height, changing the look of the city. The London Hilton on Park Lane, for example, was the first structure in London that was higher than St. Paul's cathedral. In his autobiography, Conrad N. Hilton claimed that these hotels were constructed for profit and for political impact: "an integral part of my dream was to show the countries most exposed to Communism the other side of the coin—the fruits of the free world." Exploring everything the carefully drafted contracts for the buildings to the remarkable visual and social impact on their host cities, Wharton offers a theoretically sophisticated critique of one of the Cold War's first international businesses and demonstrates that the Hilton's role in the struggle against Communism was, as Conrad Hilton declared, significant, though in ways that he could not have imagined. Many of these postwar Hiltons still flourish. Those who stay in them will learn a great deal about their experience from this new assessment of hotel space.

The Cold War and the Making of the Modern World

Titre : The Cold War and the Making of the Modern World
Auteur : Martin Walker
Éditeur : Random House
ISBN-13 : 9780099135111
Libération : 1994

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Martin Walker's account of over forty years of global confrontation between the US and Russia is a masterly narrative of the Cold War's twists and turns by a journalist who was a first-hand witness to its close. Immaculately researched, drawing upon both the vast of historical literature that has been produced over the years as well as previously-closed contemporary Kremlin archives, this is an authoritative account of one of the most signficant conflicts of the 20th century.

Turkey s Cold War

Titre : Turkey s Cold War
Auteur : Şaban Halis Çalıs
Éditeur : I.B.Tauris
ISBN-13 : 9781786721075
Libération : 2016-11-30

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Since the end of the Ottoman Empire, Turkey has repeatedly attempted to assert its position as a central strategic nation in the formation of world geo-politics. Turkey’s Cold War shows for the first time how the country’s modern foreign policy, in particular during the Cold War, has been shaped by an aspiration to become part of the Western world.

The Cold War and the Middle East

Titre : The Cold War and the Middle East
Auteur : Yezid Sayigh
Éditeur : Clarendon Press
ISBN-13 : 9780191571510
Libération : 1997-05-22

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The Cold War has been researched in minute detail and written about at great length but it remains one of the most elusive and enigmatic conflicts of modern times. With the ending of the Cold War, it is now possible to review the entire post-war period, to examine the Cold War as history. The Middle East occupies a special place in the history of the Cold War. It was critical to its birth, its life and its demise. In the aftermath of the Second World War, it became one of the major theatres of the Cold War on account of its strategic importance and its oil resources. The key to the international politics of the Middle East during the Cold War era is the relationship between external powers and local powers. Most of the existing literature on the subject focuses on the policies of the Great Powers towards the local region. The Cold War and the Middle East redresses the balance by concentrating on the policies of the local actors. It looks at the politics of the region not just from the outside in but from the inside out. The contributors to this volume are leading scholars in the field whose interests combine International Relations and Middle Eastern Studies.

Modern Art at the Berlin Wall

Titre : Modern Art at the Berlin Wall
Auteur : Claudia Mesch
Éditeur : I.B.Tauris
ISBN-13 : 9780857714794
Libération : 2009-03-30

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The proximity and shared history of East and West Germany has made Berlin an endlessly fascinating site of the Cold War. Here Claudia Mesch uncovers the dynamic history of art produced in divided Germany, and presents a new picture of the Cold War border between East and West as a dynamic and international cultural space._x000D_ _x000D_ At the end of World War II, both Germanies faced the common problem of recovering and redefining modern art - museum buildings lay in ruins and Nazi confiscations and plunder had decimated every major public collection of modern art. A wide group of artists, American, Jewish and German, struggled to take visual art beyond the crude separations of the ‘Iron Curtain’, and to transcend the first global cultural divide of the twentieth century. The group included Joseph Beuys, Allan Kaprow, Gerhard Richter, Carolee Schneemann, Ed Kienholz, Yvonne Rainer, Jörg Immendorff and Nam June Paik. Their artwork engaged critically with imposed national and global identities, and with issues of memory and trauma that is far less known than official memorials and ‘counter-memorials’ to World War II. Mesch analyzes artworks across a number of different mediums including performance, painting and film, and also how some of these artworks were disseminated on television. _x000D_ _x000D_ Artists refashioned West Berlin as a center for avant-garde art that was constantly renewed by a stream of Eastern defectors and Western visitors. They forcefully contested the absolute demarcation of socialist and capitalist ideology forwarded by each state’s art institutions, yet both seemed struck by amnesia about the vast trauma of World War II and the Holocaust. Mesch tracks major East and West German debates around modernism, and uncovers for the first time the existence of a critical socialist modernism in the former Soviet Bloc, practiced in East Germany by artists such as Manfred Butzmann, Wolfgang Mattheuer, A.R. Penck, and the artists’ group Clara Mosch. An epilogue considers the recurring issues of cultural division and memory as they have been addressed in major artworks created in the united Berlin during the 1990s, including Peter Eisenman’s ‘Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe’. _x000D_ _x000D_ ‘‘Around the Berlin Wall’ presents a new chapter in the history of modern art in considering the cultural struggles of artists as they coped with the wide-scale trauma of World War II and the global ideological divide of the Cold War era. It challenges the perception that an absolute cultural separation existed between the capitalist West and the communist Soviet Bloc. With penetrating insights into the cultural coordination of new national identities and modernism’s many legacies, this book is indispensable for all those interested in art history, modernism, the Cold War and the cultural history of the twentieth century.

A Brief History of the Spy

Titre : A Brief History of the Spy
Auteur : Paul Simpson
Éditeur : Hachette UK
ISBN-13 : 9781780338910
Libération : 2013-01-17

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From the end of the Second World War to the present day, the world has changed immeasurably. The art of spying has changed too, as spies have reacted to changing threats. Here you will find the fascinating stories of real-life spies, both famous and obscure, from either side of the Iron Curtain, along with previously secret details of War on Terror operations. Detailed stories of individual spies are set in the context of the development of the major espionage agencies, interspersed with anecdotes of gadgets, trickery, honeytraps and assassinations worthy of any fictional spy. A closing section examines the developing New Cold War, as Russia and the West confront each other once again.

Cold War Submarines

Titre : Cold War Submarines
Auteur : Norman Polmar
Éditeur : Potomac Books, Inc.
ISBN-13 : 9781574885941
Libération : 2004

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Submarines had a vital, if often underappreciated, role in the superpower navies during the Cold War. Their crews carried out intelligence-collection operations, sought out and stood ready to destroy opposing submarines, and, from the early 1960s, threatened missile attacks on their adversary's homeland, providing in many respects the most survivable nuclear deterrent of the Cold War. In Cold War Submarines, Norman Polmar and K. J. Moore provide the definitive history of the design and construction of these undersea fleets.

Negative Revolution

Titre : Negative Revolution
Auteur : Artemy Magun
Éditeur : Bloomsbury Publishing USA
ISBN-13 : 9781441129208
Libération : 2013-11-18

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This thought-provoking work analyzes concrete political events and reinterprets key concepts in modern political science. Building on the works of Kant, Badiou, Adorno, Hegel, and more, it posits that the dynamics of revolution can be encapsulated in the concept of negation, since a revolution essentially negates "what is" by rejecting the power in place. The work argues that revolution is the true ground of Western democracy and that the proof of a true democracy is the activity of protest movements. It discusses how modern philosophy conceives political truth as revolutionary or eventful, and that one aspect of revolution is negativity, which fluctuates between inertia and melancholia. It examines the problem of revolution in the context of modern philosophy, providing a diagnosis of the historical developments since the fall of the Soviet Union to the Arab Spring, setting forth an original theory of revolution while shedding light on the notion of negativity in contemporary thought. This innovative work will appeal to anyone interested in political theory and political philosophy.