Cor e du Nord Un tat gu rilla en mutation
La Corée du Nord est le pays le plus haï, mais aussi le plus mal connu de la planète. Comprendre les ressorts d’un système totalitaire sans équivalent par son monolithisme idéologique, l’inscrire dans son espace et dans son temps pour en saisir l’ancrage et décrypter le fonctionnement d’une économie émergente, de facto de marché : tel est l’objet de ce livre. La Corée du Nord est le fruit d'une histoire disputée : colonisée par le Japon (1910 1945) puis divisée par les États-Unis et l'URSS en 1945, partition entérinée trois ans plus tard et contestée par une guerre fratricide (1950-1953), et restée depuis sans traité de paix. Kim Il Sung au pouvoir a élevé la lutte de libération au rang de récit fondateur et organisé le pays sur le modèle d'une unité de guérilla, entretenant la population dans une mentalité d'assiégé permanent. La résilience de cet 'État-guérilla' est sans doute à chercher moins dans son caractère stalinien que dans un nationalisme invétéré. La Corée du Nord évolue néanmoins vers une économie hybride, où la frontière entre secteur public et initiative privée est de plus en plus floue et qui génère de profondes mutations sociales. Cette évolution interne a pour toile de fond des enjeux géostratégiques : les risques entraînés par les ambitions nucléaires de Pyongyang, les visées hégémoniques du puissant voisin chinois et le retour de la Russie dans le Grand Jeu diplomatique.
Science Technology and Medicine in the Modern Japanese Empire
Science, technology, and medicine all contributed to the emerging modern Japanese empire and conditioned key elements of post-war development. As the only emerging non-Western country that was a colonial power in its own right, Japan utilized these fields not only to define itself as racially different from other Asian countries and thus justify its imperialist activities, but also to position itself within the civilized and enlightened world with the advantages of modern science, technologies, and medicine. This book explores the ways in which scientists, engineers and physicians worked directly and indirectly to support the creation of a new Japanese empire, focussing on the eve of World War I and linking their efforts to later post-war developments. By claiming status as a modern, internationally-engaged country, the Japanese government was faced with having to control pathogens that might otherwise not have threatened the nation. Through the use of traditional and innovative techniques, this volume shows how the government was able to fulfil the state’s responsibility to protect society to varying degrees. The contributors push the field of the history of science, technology and medicine in Japan in new directions, raising questions about the definitions of diseases, the false starts in advancing knowledge, and highlighting the very human nature of fields which, on the surface, seem to non-specialists to be highly rational. Challenging older interpretative tendencies, this book highlights the vigour of the field and the potential for future development. Therefore, it will be of huge interest to students and scholars of Japanese history, Asian history, the history of science and technology and the history of medicine.
This is a historically founded, empirical study of social and economic transformation wrought by 'marketisation from below' in North Korea.
North Korea Confidential
**Named one of the best books of 2015 by The Economist** North Korea is one of the most controlled and isolated societies on earth, but what is it actually like to live there? How do you make money in a failed economy? How do you have fun under a violent, repressive dictatorship, and how does the secretive and infamous prison camp system work? Read this book to find out. North Korea Confidential explains how the devastating famine of the 1990s became a catalyst for a network of black markets which have created a new generation of North Korean capitalists. From skinny jeans, to home-made booze, where there’s a market for it, today's North Koreans can probably buy it. In seven fascinating chapters the authors explore modern North Korea today for the ordinary "man and woman on the street." They interview experts and tap a broad variety of sources to bring a startling new insider's view of North Korean society—from members of Pyongyang's ruling families to defectors from different periods and regions, to diplomats and NGOs, to cross-border traders from neighboring China. The resulting stories reveal the horror as well as the innovation and humor which abound in this fascinating country.
Escape from Camp 14
With a New Foreword The heartwrenching New York Times bestseller about the only known person born inside a North Korean prison camp to have escaped North Korea’s political prison camps have existed twice as long as Stalin’s Soviet gulags and twelve times as long as the Nazi concentration camps. No one born and raised in these camps is known to have escaped. No one, that is, except Shin Dong-hyuk. In Escape From Camp 14, Blaine Harden unlocks the secrets of the world’s most repressive totalitarian state through the story of Shin’s shocking imprisonment and his astounding getaway. Shin knew nothing of civilized existence—he saw his mother as a competitor for food, guards raised him to be a snitch, and he witnessed the execution of his mother and brother. The late “Dear Leader” Kim Jong Il was recognized throughout the world, but his country remains sealed as his third son and chosen heir, Kim Jong Eun, consolidates power. Few foreigners are allowed in, and few North Koreans are able to leave. North Korea is hungry, bankrupt, and armed with nuclear weapons. It is also a human rights catastrophe. Between 150,000 and 200,000 people work as slaves in its political prison camps. These camps are clearly visible in satellite photographs, yet North Korea’s government denies they exist. Harden’s harrowing narrative exposes this hidden dystopia, focusing on an extraordinary young man who came of age inside the highest security prison in the highest security state. Escape from Camp 14 offers an unequalled inside account of one of the world’s darkest nations. It is a tale of endurance and courage, survival and hope. From the Trade Paperback edition.
Depicted as an insular and forbidding police state with an “insane” dictator at its helm, North Korea—charter member of Bush’s “Axis of Evil”—is a country the U.S. loves to hate. Now the CIA says it possesses nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons, as well as long-range missiles capable of delivering them to America’s West Coast. But, as Bruce Cumings demonstrates in this provocative, lively read, the story of the U.S.-Korea conflict is more complex than our leaders or our news media would have us believe. Drawing on his extensive knowledge of Korea, and on declassified government reports, Cumings traces that story, from the brutal Korean War to the present crisis. Harboring no illusions regarding the totalitarian Kim Jong Il regime, Cumings nonetheless insists on a more nuanced approach. The result is both a counter-narrative to the official U.S. and North Korean versions and a fascinating portrayal of North Korea, a country that suffers through foreign invasions, natural disasters, and its own internal contradictions, yet somehow continues to survive.
Cry The Beloved Country
Cry the Beloved Country is the deeply moving story of the Zulu pastor Stephen Kumalo and his son Absalom, set against the background of a land and a people riven by racial injustice. Remarkable for its contemporaneity, unforgettable for character and incident, Cry the Beloved Country is a classic work of love and hope, courage and endurance, born of the dignity of man.
Livre Noir Du Communisme
Collects and analyzes seventy years of communist crimes that offer details on Kim Sung's Korea, Vietnam under "Uncle Ho," and Cuba under Castro.
The works of German military historian and theorist Carl von Clausewitz continue to be ranked among the finest examples of the genre. His surprisingly complex conceptions of war are still studied by military strategists. In On War, Clausewitz draws on his experiences in and observations of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic wars to develop a number of key ideas that still play a role in the planning and execution of military operations today.
This is the new U.S. military counterinsurgency (COIN) manual on how to combat organized movements that seek to overthrow governments through subversion and armed conflict. Coauthored by Army General David Petraeus and Marine Corps General James Amos, this manual -- the first of its kind published in 20 years by the Army and 25 years by the Marine Corps -- gives the latest information about the tactics, doctrine and goals of dealing with violent insurgencies. The manual describes methods and principles that can be applied to COIN operations anywhere, although it's obvious that events in Iraq and Afghanistan are what have prompted its creation. Many of the examples refer to other insurgencies throughout history (e.g., IRA, Bolsheviks, Vietnam) to illustrate key points. A carefully crafted mix of historical studies and contemporary experience, this manual is sure to become the standard by which COIN doctrine and tactics will be judged for many years.