La Logique de l honneur Gestion des entreprises et traditions nationales
La logique de l'honneur Chaque pays a ses traditions, sa manière de définir les droits et devoirs de chacun, sa façon de commander, d'obéir, de coopérer et de s'affronter. Notre culte sourcilleux de l'honneur, nos distinguos infinis entre le noble et le vil nous font vivre dans un univers bien différent de celui où s'affrontent, outre-Atlantique, l'avidité du gain et la passion de l'honnête, ou encore des prudentes démarches qui conduisent les Néerlandais à accorder leurs volontés. À discerner les ressorts de chaque culture, on découvre ce qu'y ont de spécifique les moteurs de l'efficacité. Un classique de la sociologie et du management. Philippe d'Iribarne Né en 1937. Polytechnicien, ingénieur des Mines et directeur de recherche au CNRS. Ses travaux portent sur l'enracinement du fonctionnement des entreprises et des économies dans la diversité des institutions et des cultures.
Cross cultural Management
All cultures appear to share the belief that they do things 'correctly', while others, until proven otherwise, are assumed to be ignorant or barbaric. When people from different cultures work together and cannot take shared meanings for granted, managers face serious challenges. An individual's parsing of an experience and its meaning may vary according to several cultural scales – national, professional, industrial and local. Awareness of cultural differences and the willingness to view them as a positive are therefore crucial assets. This edited textbook sets itself apart from existing cross-cultural management texts by highlighting to the reader the need to avoid both ethnocentrism and the belief in the universality of his or her own values and ways of thinking: the success of international negotiations and intercultural management depends on such openness and acceptance of real differences. It encourages the development of 'nomadic intelligence' and the creative use of a culture's resources, according to a symbolic anthropology perspective. Through the essays and case studies in the chapters, readers will become aware of the intercultural dimension of business activities and better understand how they affect work. Cross-Cultural Management will help interested parties – students of business management, international relations and other disciplines, and business managers and other professionals – develop their ability to interact, take action and give direction in an intercultural context.
Managing Corporate Values in Diverse National Cultures
How should a Western company manage cross-culturally corporate values in its foreign subsidiaries? Do these values make sense everywhere and can they assumed to be universal or, on the contrary, are they culturally Western specific? Philippe d'Iribarne provides answers to these timely and urgent questions, based on research carried out in the subsidiaries of a leading global company, Lafarge, in the contrasting cultural environments of China, the United States, France and Jordan. It appears that, in a large part of the world, people's expectations are similar; they expect from a good employer clear and decisive leadership, and fair and compassionate treatment, helping them to live a good life. But treating these expectations as the 'same' could be misleading. Western companies with a humanistic orientation are well positioned to fulfil them, provided they are willing, in each and every geography, to take into account the local vision of the right way to achieve a good life. By following the example presented in this book, companies who care can deliver economic efficiency as well as progressive people management in the countries in which they operate.
Conflict and Cooperation on the Scheldt River Basin
More than 200 major river basins are shared by two or more countries and, together, these basins account for about 60% of the earth's land area, constituting a significant portion of the world's fresh water resources. They are thus both a significant asset to the nations sharing them, as well as a potential source of conflict. This book presents a generic framework for the analysis of decision making on international river issues. It emphasises the strategic character of the interactions between the basin states and addresses learning and institutionalization processes, taking account of the influence of the context on the decision making process. The case of the river Scheldt covers negotiations on the Belgian-Dutch water conventions covering a number of international issues relating to the river basins of the Scheldt and the Meuse, such as construction projects aimed at improving the maritime access to the port of Antwerp, the maintenance of the navigation channel in the Western Scheldt, pollution of the waters in the two rivers, and the distribution of water from the Meuse. The final part of the book contains a typology of strategies for the solution of upstream-downstream problems in international river basins. Audience: All those interested in international water and environmental management, international negotiations and politics, and public policy.
African Sociological Review
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Innovative Technology and Globalization
Globalization is leading the industry worldwide especially the new technology sector. The main aim of the book is to enhance the reader's knowledge - especially from a multidisciplinary perspective rather than from an individual functional perspective -the role of the globalization in the evolving world of the new technologies. This book will overview the process of globalization from a number of perspectives, including historical, geographical and social viewpoints while focusing on the new technologic products and services. Globalization and its effects on the innovative technology sector are best examined in terms of the social ramifications, and especially the geographical and political and economic (or political economy) contexts, at and between different levels, including the local, the regional and the global.
Psychological contracts in employment
The relationship between workers and firms are changing worldwide. Nowhere is this more evident than in the psychological contracts of employment. This book combines the cross-national perspectives of organizational scholars from thirteen countries to examine how societies differ in the nature of psychological contracts in employment and how global business initiatives are bridging these differences. The contributors include social scientists with deep knowledge of the particular societies they describe, and whose personal scholarship involves psychological contract phenomena locally as well as abroad. Readers of Denise Rousseau's award winning book, Psychological Contract in Organizations (Sage 1995) will welcome the extension of this ground-breaking work into the global arena.
The book takes a cross-cultural approach to the study and practice of human resource management by examining the contributions of different cultures in interaction and discussing academic issues within the context of actual companies and real cultures. Each chapter provides real-life cases together with sample questions that will help readers to draw conclusions from the cases. Each chapter ends with a section on various management implications, together with a section providing useful pointers for students' further research. International HRM will be recommended reading on courses in international management, international human resource management and cross-cultural management, for advanced undergraduates, postgraduates and MBA students.
Management in Western Europe
The succinct book gives an authoritative and uniquely comprehensive coverage of the style of management in each of the EC nations. The history, economic background, culture and approach to management in Belgium, Denmark, England, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, and Sweden (which replaces Luxemburg) are described. Most of the authors, themselves of many nationalities, gain perspective by writing about a nation other than their own. The book is ideal for students of management, organization theory and the social and political sciences, and to give background for students of languages. It is also designed for executives on short courses and for managers and engineers who need a quick international briefing on plane or train.
Theories of communication
This book provides a concise introduction to the development of communication theory for beginning students. Written in an engaging and approachable style, it offers an historical account of the development of all the major theoretical approaches. Theories of Communication sums up clearly and methodically the range of existing theories and explains the how and why diverse currents and schools of thought emerged. The strength of this book resides in the multiplicity of theories presented, including such widely differing currents as the first exponents of "Mass Communication Research," the Chicago School, the Palo Alto School, structuralism, and the later paradigms of constructivism and ethnomethodology. It further covers linguistic approaches, new theories of reception, and the political economy of cultural globalization.