Ruby Les fondamentaux du langage Mise en œuvre avec Ruby on Rails Ce livre sur Ruby sadresse à des développeurs qui souhaitent découvrir ce langage et le mettre en œuvre avec le framework Ruby on Rails. Après une première étape propre à l'installation et aux environnements de développement, l'auteur aborde les fondamentaux du langage avec les structures de données, le contrôle de flux jusqu'à des modes de programmation plus sophistiqués et nouveaux comme la génération de code dynamique, la gestion du garbage collector, etc. Ruby étant un langage Objet, un chapitre est entièrement consacré à ce mode de programmation (classes, méthodes, attributs, héritage, polymorphisme, module...), les principes de base de la Programmation Objet étant également rappelés. Afin de bénéficier pleinement de la puissance de Ruby comme langage de programmation à multiple usages, l'auteur détaille la librairie standard (gestion des entrées/sorties, gestions des sockets, les Threads, Date/Heure, XML, les Web services...) et également la conception d'interfaces graphiques ainsi que la programmation Web (HTTP, COI...). De nombreux exemples sont proposés au lecteur afin de bien cerner les différentes briques du langage. Le dernier chapitre traite du framework Ruby on Rails, avec une approche pédagogique et progressive, vous apprendrez à réaliser votre application web en toute simplicité. Les exemples cités dans l'ouvrage sont en téléchargement sur www.editions-eni.fr
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Ruby in a Nutshell
Introduces Ruby's object-oriented programming capabilities, detailing command-line options, syntax, built-in variables, functions, commonly used classes and modules, environment variables, operators, methods, and security.
The Complete Guide to Avoiding and Fixing Common Rails 3 Code and Design Problems As developers worldwide have adopted the powerful Ruby on Rails web framework, many have fallen victim to common mistakes that reduce code quality, performance, reliability, stability, scalability, and maintainability. Rails™ AntiPatterns identifies these widespread Rails code and design problems, explains why they’re bad and why they happen—and shows exactly what to do instead. The book is organized into concise, modular chapters—each outlines a single common AntiPattern and offers detailed, cookbook-style code solutions that were previously difficult or impossible to find. Leading Rails developers Chad Pytel and Tammer Saleh also offer specific guidance for refactoring existing bad code or design to reflect sound object-oriented principles and established Rails best practices. With their help, developers, architects, and testers can dramatically improve new and existing applications, avoid future problems, and establish superior Rails coding standards throughout their organizations. This book will help you understand, avoid, and solve problems with Model layer code, from general object-oriented programming violations to complex SQL and excessive redundancy Domain modeling, including schema and database issues such as normalization and serialization View layer tools and conventions Controller-layer code, including RESTful code Service-related APIs, including timeouts, exceptions, backgrounding, and response codes Third-party code, including plug-ins and gems Testing, from test suites to test-driven development processes Scaling and deployment Database issues, including migrations and validations System design for “graceful degradation” in the real world
Semantic Web for the Working Ontologist
Semantic Web for the Working Ontologist: Effective Modeling in RDFS and OWL, Second Edition, discusses the capabilities of Semantic Web modeling languages, such as RDFS (Resource Description Framework Schema) and OWL (Web Ontology Language). Organized into 16 chapters, the book provides examples to illustrate the use of Semantic Web technologies in solving common modeling problems. It uses the life and works of William Shakespeare to demonstrate some of the most basic capabilities of the Semantic Web. The book first provides an overview of the Semantic Web and aspects of the Web. It then discusses semantic modeling and how it can support the development from chaotic information gathering to one characterized by information sharing, cooperation, and collaboration. It also explains the use of RDF to implement the Semantic Web by allowing information to be distributed over the Web, along with the use of SPARQL to access RDF data. Moreover, the reader is introduced to components that make up a Semantic Web deployment and how they fit together, the concept of inferencing in the Semantic Web, and how RDFS differs from other schema languages. Finally, the book considers the use of SKOS (Simple Knowledge Organization System) to manage vocabularies by taking advantage of the inferencing structure of RDFS-Plus. This book is intended for the working ontologist who is trying to create a domain model on the Semantic Web. Updated with the latest developments and advances in Semantic Web technologies for organizing, querying, and processing information, including SPARQL, RDF and RDFS, OWL 2.0, and SKOS Detailed information on the ontologies used in today's key web applications, including ecommerce, social networking, data mining, using government data, and more Even more illustrative examples and case studies that demonstrate what semantic technologies are and how they work together to solve real-world problems
Practical Object Oriented Design in Ruby
The Complete Guide to Writing More Maintainable, Manageable, Pleasing, and Powerful Ruby Applications Ruby’s widely admired ease of use has a downside: Too many Ruby and Rails applications have been created without concern for their long-term maintenance or evolution. The Web is awash in Ruby code that is now virtually impossible to change or extend. This text helps you solve that problem by using powerful real-world object-oriented design techniques, which it thoroughly explains using simple and practical Ruby examples. Sandi Metz has distilled a lifetime of conversations and presentations about object-oriented design into a set of Ruby-focused practices for crafting manageable, extensible, and pleasing code. She shows you how to build new applications that can survive success and repair existing applications that have become impossible to change. Each technique is illustrated with extended examples, all downloadable from the companion Web site, poodr.info. The first title to focus squarely on object-oriented Ruby application design, Practical Object-Oriented Design in Ruby will guide you to superior outcomes, whatever your previous Ruby experience. Novice Ruby programmers will find specific rules to live by; intermediate Ruby programmers will find valuable principles they can flexibly interpret and apply; and advanced Ruby programmers will find a common language they can use to lead development and guide their colleagues. This guide will help you Understand how object-oriented programming can help you craft Ruby code that is easier to maintain and upgrade Decide what belongs in a single Ruby class Avoid entangling objects that should be kept separate Define flexible interfaces among objects Reduce programming overhead costs with duck typing Successfully apply inheritance Build objects via composition Design cost-effective tests Solve common problems associated with poorly designed Ruby code
Jenkins The Definitive Guide
Streamline software development with Jenkins, the popular Java-based open source tool that has revolutionized the way teams think about Continuous Integration (CI). This complete guide shows you how to automate your build, integration, release, and deployment processes with Jenkins—and demonstrates how CI can save you time, money, and many headaches. Ideal for developers, software architects, and project managers, Jenkins: The Definitive Guide is both a CI tutorial and a comprehensive Jenkins reference. Through its wealth of best practices and real-world tips, you'll discover how easy it is to set up a CI service with Jenkins. Learn how to install, configure, and secure your Jenkins server Organize and monitor general-purpose build jobs Integrate automated tests to verify builds, and set up code quality reporting Establish effective team notification strategies and techniques Configure build pipelines, parameterized jobs, matrix builds, and other advanced jobs Manage a farm of Jenkins servers to run distributed builds Implement automated deployment and continuous delivery
Ruby Best Practices
Provides information on designing APIs and domain-specific language, writing readable code, and working with functional programming ideas with the Ruby programming language.