The Knowledge Deficit
The Knowledge Deficit illuminates the real issue in education today -- without an effective curriculum, American students are losing the global education race. In this persuasive book, the esteemed education critic, activist, and best-selling author E.D. Hirsch, Jr., shows that although schools are teaching the mechanics of reading, they fail to convey the knowledge needed for the more complex and essential skill of reading comprehension. Hirsch corrects popular misconceptions about hot issues in education, such as standardized testing, and takes to task educators' claims that they are powerless to overcome class differences. Ultimately, this essential book gives parents and teachers specific tools for enhancing children's abilities to fully understand what they read.
The Knowledge Deficit
Provides an analysis of the state of modern American education to trace a link between a lack of reading comprehension and poor performance and furnishes specific tools for parents to enhance a child's ability to read with comprehension.
The Knowledge Deficit
Hirsch shows why American students perform less well than students in other industrialized countries. Drawing on classroom observation, the history of ideas, and current scientific understanding of the patterns of intellectual growth, he builds the case t
Why Knowledge Matters
In this provocative book, influential scholar E.D. Hirsch, Jr., addresses critical issues in contemporary education reform - over-testing, teacher blaming, preschool fadeout, and the persistence of achievement gaps over time. In each case, he shows how cherished truisms about education and child development have led to unintended and negative consequences. Drawing on recent findings in neuroscience and new data from France, he provides new evidence for the argument that a coherent, knowledge-based elementary curriculum is essential to providing the foundations for children's life success and ensuring equal opportunity for students of all backgrounds.
New Tools for Environmental Protection
Many people believe that environmental regulation has passed a point of diminishing returns: the quick fixes have been achieved and the main sources of pollution are shifting from large "point sources" to more diffuse sources that are more difficult and expensive to regulate. The political climate has also changed in the United States since the 1970s in ways that provide impetus to seek alternatives to regulation. This book examines the potential of some of these "new tools" that emphasize education, information, and voluntary measures. Contributors summarize what we know about the effectiveness of these tools, both individually and in combination with regulatory and economic policy instruments. They also extract practical lessons from this knowledge and consider what is needed to make these tools more effective. The book will be of interest to environmental policy practitioners and to researchers and students concerned with applying social and behavioral sciences knowledge to improve environmental quality.
Revised to incorporate the latest NANDA-approved nursing diagnoses, the Eleventh Edition of this classic text offers definitive guidance on key elements of nursing diagnosis and its application to clinical practice. Section 1 thoroughly explains the role of nursing diagnosis in the nursing process and in care planning. Section 2 is a comprehensive A-to-Z guide to current nursing diagnoses. Section 3 focuses on collaborative problems. This edition lists associated NIC (Nursing Interventions Classifications) and NOC (Nursing Outcomes Classifications) for every NANDA diagnosis. New diagnoses added and modified in accordance with the latest NANDA meeting are in an appendix for easy access.
The health care and pharmacy environments have changed substantially since the first edition of this book. Developments include the new Medicare prescription benefit, a growing emphasis on medication safety, and the dynamic technology driving safety in organized health care settings. Exploring these recent modifications, Pharmacy: What It Is and How It Works, Second Edition encompasses all aspects of pharmacy, from the various roles of pharmacists to particular health care-related events to career-planning information. The book first focuses on the core of pharmacy, providing an overview of the field and a chapter dedicated to pharmacists. After an examination of how drug products are developed, used, and priced, it discusses the important topics of pharmacy technicians, information technology, pharmacy automation, and pharmaceutical care. Subsequent chapters cover the various areas where pharmacists work, including in community, hospital, home health care, and government pharmacies. The book concludes with chapters on the pharmaceutical industry and career planning. Each chapter features learning objectives, summaries, discussion questions, exercises, Web sites of interest, and references. Pharmacies have evolved from the corner drugstores of old. To help navigate the modern field of pharmacy, this text provides a well-written, organized introduction for new pharmacy students, pharmacy technician trainees, and practitioners.
Knowledge Deficit of Circumcision in Newborn Males
The labor and delivery nurse is knowledgeable to a point about the medical aspects of circumcision, they may or may not be knowledgeable about the procedural, emotional, or religious aspects. It is proposed that labor and delivery nurses be educated in these areas so that they can be ready to explain all the aspects of circumcision to the parents of newborn males when the time comes to make this most important and necessary decision. This quality review of literature shows that supporting the parents with making the informed decision of circumcision will provide for more patient autonomy. The research shows "Parents want to make the best decision for the health of the children, but not all ... medical bodies are equally forthcoming with information for parents on the risks of circumcision" (Williams, 2009). It is the responsibility of the said institution and caregivers to ensure the parents are able to excise their rights and make this decision. This project will explore the theory of educating medical staff on circumcision procedures, religious views, cultural views, emotional aspects, benefits of circumcision and risks of circumcision that it will improve patient education and care. Improving the education of the patient on the topic of circumcision will thus improve the ability of the parent to make an informed decision and practice their right of autonomy. Improving this aspect of care should theoretically improve patient satisfaction and should improve institutional reimbursement for care. This being part of a patient safety indicator from the Centers for Medicaid and Medicare as a quality of care measure influences reimbursement for such a procedure if complications occur and parents were not educated on the procedure (AHRQ, 2003).
Alternative Pathways to the Baccalaureate
“This book does an excellent job of tracing the history of the movement and where it stands today. It discusses the political context when these discussions happen in states and the education implications when institutions take on this additional mission. This book may or may not convert those who are concerned about ‘mission creep’ of community colleges, but it sure will give them something to think about. Clearly we cannot continue to do business as we have always done and expect to meet the growing demand for college educated citizens. This book provides some thoughts on how to create a new model going forward and it deserves serious consideration.” —from the Foreword by Carol D’Amico The premise of this book is that, in a globalized economy dependent on innovation and knowledge, higher education must provide greater, more affordable access to the acquisition of higher-level skills and knowledge for a greater proportion of the population. The purpose of this book is to open up a debate about the status quo. Should four-year institutions remain the near-exclusive conferrers of the baccalaureate? Or is there a legitimate role for community colleges who already educate over half the undergraduate population of the United States, at lower cost with few barriers to access? The contributors examine the capacities of four-year colleges to deliver training for technical occupations; the ability of community colleges to deliver rigorous, high-quality courses; and issues of access, affordability, faculty development, and responsiveness to changing needs. A chapter devoted to student voices provides the critical perspective of this constituency. The book concludes by describing examples of implementation across the United States, reviewing different models of articulation as well as promising practices that include eliminating the need for transfer altogether. Alternative Pathways to the Baccalaureate provides vital information and new research for policymakers, community college leaders, and scholars of higher education to provoke much-needed debate. Published in association with the Community College Baccalaureate Association